Detailed text about dining room goes here
This style of pointed-toe moccasin was worn by almost everyone in the early days of the Red River Settlement. This style of shoe was made by Metis, Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) and Ininew (Cree) women for their families, and for trade.
This style of tall moccasin was made for walking outdoors, almost like hiking boots. Other styles that look like slippers would have been made to wear to dances or around the house.
Modern reproduction using antique beads.
We chose this moccasin to display because the bright sunlight would have damage a nicer, decorated pair.
These old moccasins were decorated with porcupine quill work and horse-hair piping (a kind of special thread made out of dyed horse hair). Both of these materials are easily damaged by light, insects and handling.
They're made out of traditional "brain tanned" leather. Notice how it looks like suede and is very different from the modern leather on the reproduction moccasin above.
sinew, quills, and glass beads
Before thread was available here, women used dried animal sinew like this to sew and make beautiful works of art. They used it to attach glass beads, or even porcupine quills like these to clothing and shoes.
Gold-coloured oval frames with clear glass lenses.
Late 19th century
Beaded Needle Case
This English needle case is made of wood and wrapped with tiny seed beads on wires. The same beads were used here in a very different way for Metis beadwork.
Mid 19th century
Glass beads like these were made in France and Italy, and imported in huge quantities for trade by the Hudson's Bay Company.
Early 19th century